Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology. Rudolph Carnap. [In this essay Carnap is concerned with the question of the “reality” of the sorts of what he calls “abstract. Rudolf Carnap’s article “Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology” deals with the implications of accepting language which refers to abstract entities. Empiricists. Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology. Rudolf Carnap. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4 (): Reprinted in the Supplement to. Meaning and.

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Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a wnd. Are there properties classes, numbers, propositions?

Empiricism, Semantics and Ontology

From these questions we must distinguish the external question of the reality of the thing world itself.

The system of propositions. Linguistic Convention and Worldly Fact: In fact, however, all that can accurately be said about atoms or the field is implicitly contained in the physical laws of the theories in question. We apply the term ‘proposition’ to any entities of a certain logical type, namely, those that may be expressed by declarative sentences in a language” p. However, it would prevent the use of ordinary geometry which says, e. Any further explanations as to the nature of the propositions i.

This does, of course, not prove the case. The acceptance cannot be judged as being either true or false because it is not an assertion. This conception, which seems to deviate considerably from customary ways of thinking, is cqrnap in his article “Semantics and Abstract Objects,” Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences80 ohtology, Request removal from index. But this must not be interpreted as if it meant his acceptance of a belief in the reality of the thing world; there is no such belief or assertion or assumption, because it is not a theoretical question.


Further, the general term “proposition” is introduced. Empirixism physical state of a space-time point is described either with the help of qualitative predicates, such as ‘hot’, or by ascribing numbers as values of a physical magnitude such as mass, temperature, etc.

Once we have accepted the thing language with its framework for things, we can raise and answer internal questions, e. It is rather the practical decision to accept certain frameworks. Therefore every sentence of the form “.

Influenced by ideas of Ludwig Wittgenstein, the Circle rejected both the thesis of the reality of the external world and empiricixm thesis of its irreality as pseudo-statements; 6 the same was the case for both the thesis of the reality of universals abstract entities, in our present terminology and the nominalistic thesis that they are not real and that their alleged names are not names of anything but merely flatus vocis.

Find it on Scholar. Ontology, Analyticity, and Meaning: Suppose that one philosopher says: The choice of using real numbers instead of rational numbers or integers as coordinates is mainly due to considerations of mathematical simplicity, and is not influenced by facts of experience.

Carnap, “Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology”

In physics it is more difficult to shun the suspected entities because the language of physics serves for the communication of reports and predictions and hence cannot be taken as a mere calculus. The step from the system of things which does not contain space-time points but only extended objects with spatial and temporal relations between them to the physical coordinate system is again a matter of decision.

An internal question “Are there really space-time points? New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology.

Rudolf Carnap, Empiricism, Semantics and Ontology – PhilPapers

John Stuart Mill, Frege, and Russell. Thus the logical characteristics of this framework are sufficiently clear while many internal questions, i. For those who want to develop or use semantical methods, the decisive question is not the alleged ontological question of the existence of abstract entities but rather the question whether the rise of abstract linguistic foms or, in technical terms, the use of variables beyond those for things or phenomenal datais expedient and fruitful for the purposes for which semantical analyses are made, viz.


Some nominalists regard the acceptance of abstract entities as a kind of superstition or myth, populating the world with fictitious or at least dubious entities, analogous to the emiricism in centaurs or demons. Shamik Dasgupta – – Philosophical Review 3: This is one of the main tasks of a pure, as distinguished from a psychological, epistemology. However, it would be wrong to describe this situation by saying: The World of Things Take the world of things – the simplest kind of entities we deal with in everyday language.

It is not a question simply of yes or no, but a matter of degree. Two Kinds of a Priori Infallibility. If suitable rules for this term are laid down, the following is likewise analytic:.

History of Western Philosophy. Revue Internationale de PhilosophieVol. Accordingly, the mathematician is said to speak not about numbers, functions and infinite classes but merely about meaningless symbols and formulas manipulated according to given formal rules.

No categories specified categorize this paper. We could choose to not continue using the ordinary thing language, instead using a language of sense-data or “phenomenal” entities, or to construct another language structure entirely – or we could just refrain from speaking!

Sign in to use this feature. After senantics more detailed discussions concerning the relation between propositions and facts, and the nature of false propositions, I added: